50 years ago in General English

What was the chief aim of Mandela's struggle?

[A] To reduce the power of the whites and enhance the position of the black people.
[B] To ensure political participation of the black people who were pressed down by the whites.
[C] To end racial discrimination and ensure equal rights for everyone, even the whites.
[D] To swipe away the white people and to establish strong roots and positions for the black people.
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Read the passage given below and then answer the questions given below the passage. Some words may be highlighted for your attention. Pay careful attention. 



July 18,1918, born to Hendry Mphakanyiswa, a Thembu chief, and Nosekeni Qunu in the Umtata district of the Transkei, at a time when virtually all of Africa was under European colonial rule. Charged with sabotage, Mandela delivered a statement during his trial in Pretoria that revealed the depth of his resolve in the fight against apartheid and his willingness to lay down his life in an effort to end white racist rule.“During my lifetime I have dedicated myself to this struggle of the African people,” Mandela said. “I have fought against white domination, and I have fought against black domination. I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities. It is an ideal which I hope to live for and to achieve. But if needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die.” Two months later, he and seven other defendants were sentenced to life in prison.  



Nelson Mandela became the first black president of South Africa after democratic elections, taking the oath of office at the Union Buildings in Pretoria, the South African capital. Leaders and other dignitaries from around the world attended the historic occasion, which offered many South Africans another chance to celebrate in the streets. At the close of his inauguration speech, Mandela said: “Never, never and never again shall it be that this beautiful land will again experience the oppression of one by another and suffer the indignity of being the skunk of the world". He said, “Let freedom reign. The sun shall never set on so glorious a human achievement! God bless Africa! Thank you.” On June 24, 1995: Mandela strode onto the field at the Rugby World Cup final in Johannesburg, wearing South African colors and bringing the overwhelmingly white crowd of more than 60,000 to its feet. They chanted “Nelson! Nelson! Nelson!” as the president congratulated the victorious home team in a moment that symbolized racial reconciliation. Mandela’s decision to wear the Springbok emblem, the symbol once hated by blacks, conveyed the message that rugby, for so long shunned by the black population, was now for all South Africans. His assistant mentioned the following story which gives an insight into the greatness of this personality. He always made his own bed, no matter where we traveled. I remember we were in Shanghai, in a very fancy hotel, and the Chinese hospitality requires that the person who cleans your room and provides you with your food, must do that. If you do it for yourself, it could even be regarded as an insult. So in Shanghai I tried to say to him, ‘Please don’t make your own bed, because there’s this custom here.’ And he said, ‘Call them, bring them to me. ’So I did. I asked the hotel manager to bring the ladies who would be cleaning the room, so that he could explain why he himself has to make his own bed, and that they need not feel insulted. He didn’t ever want to hurt people’s feelings. He never really cared about what "big" people think of him, but he did care about what small people thought of him.”


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Answers

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ram manohar
ram manohar - 2 years ago

ram manohar from Hyderabad, India is saying To end racial discrimination and ensure equal rights for everyone, even the whites. is correct answer

Nazia Sayed
Nazia Sayed - 2 years ago

Nazia Sayed from Mumbai, India is saying To reduce the power of the whites and enhance the position of the black people. is correct answer

Abdul Adut
Abdul Adut - 2 years ago

Abdul Adut from Bangalore, India is saying To end racial discrimination and ensure equal rights for everyone, even the whites. is correct answer

Sayed badruzama
Sayed badruzama - 2 years ago

Sayed badruzama from Mumbai, India is saying To end racial discrimination and ensure equal rights for everyone, even the whites. is correct answer

Sanjay Gupta
Sanjay Gupta - 2 years ago

Sanjay Gupta from Delhi, India is saying To end racial discrimination and ensure equal rights for everyone, even the whites. is correct answer

Related Questions

Which of the following has a similar meaning to 'overwhelmingly' as used in the passage?

  • [A] Extremely large in number
  • [B] Very excited
  • [C] Strongly opposed
  • [D] Mad with anger