The Living World Quiz Questions and Answers - Biology

The Living World Multiple Choice Questions and Answers from Diversity of Living Organisms Section in Biology Quiz.

1. One of the most important functions of botanical gardens is that
[A] One can observe tropical plants there
[B] They provide the natural habitat for wild life
[C] They allow ex-situ conservation of germplasm
[D] They provide a beautiful area for recreation
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2. Which of the following is a merit in the Bentham and Hooker's system of classification?
[A] The placement of family - Asteraceae in the beginning of Gamopetalae
[B] The placement of order - Ranals in the beginning
[C] Closely related families are placed apart
[D] The position of gymnosperms in between dicots and monocots
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3. Classification of organisms based on evolutionary as well as genetic relationships is called
[A] Numerical taxonomy
[B] Phenetics
[C] Biosystematics
[D] Cladistics
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4. Phenetic classification of organisms is based on
[A] Sexual characteristics
[B] Dendrogram based on DNA characteristics
[C] The ancestral lineage of existing organisms
[D] Observable characteristics of existing organisms
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5. In angiosperm, characters of flowers are used in classification because
[A] Flowers are attractive
[B] Flowers are large
[C] Characters of flowers are conservative
[D] None of the above
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6. Biosystematics aims at
[A] Identification and arrangement of organisms on the basis of cytological characteristics
[B] The classification of organisms based on broad morphological characters
[C] Delimiting various taxa of organism and establishing their relationships
[D] The classification of organisms based on their evolutionary history and establishing their phylogeny on the totality of various parameters from all fields of studies
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7. Practical purpose of taxonomy or classification
[A] To know the evolutionary history
[B] Explain the origin of organisms
[C] Facilitate the identification of unknown species
[D] Identification of medicinal plants
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8. Two plants can be conclusively said to belong to the same species if they
[A] Have more than 90 percent similar genes
[B] Can reproduce freely with each other and form seeds
[C] Have same number of chromosomes
[D] Look similar and possess identical secondary metabolites
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9. In which kingdom would you classify the archaea and nitrogen-fixing organism, if the five-kingdom system of classification is used
[A] Protista
[B] Fungi
[C] Plantae
[D] Monera
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10. The Phylogenetic system of classification was put forth by
[A] Theophrastus
[B] George Bentham and Joseph Dalton Hooker
[C] Carolus Linnaeus
[D] Adolf Engler and Karl Prantl
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