An Exercise for Rules of Nouns and Important English Study Notes for SSC CGL 2016 exam. Download here SSC CGL English Study Material for upcoming Examination 2016
Def : A word which is used as the name of person, place or thing.
There are specific types of the nouns :
1. Proper Noun:
It is the name of particular person, place or thing. For Example: Geeta, Delhi, Asia etc.
Some Important Points:
- First alphabet of a proper noun is always capital.
- Proper Noun takes singular helping verb whether it looks singular or plural.
1.1 History is an interesting subject.
1.2 Mathematics is a difficult subject.
2. Common Noun:
It is a name given in common to every person or thing of the same class or kind.
For Example : Girl , Boys, City , Town etc
3. Collective Noun:
It is the name of number of persons or things taken together and spoken of as one whole.
For Example: Mob, Army , Committee etc.
Usually Collective noun is used as a singular. They can be used as plural if there is a division among the members of the collective noun or the members are being talked about.
For Example: The flock of geese spends most of its time in the pasture.
4. Material Noun:
A noun which can not be material noun in terms of number and units.
For Example: Gold, Silver etc
Points to remember:
- Material Noun remains singular in form and takes singular helping verb.
- No article is used before material noun.
For Example: Gold is a metal.
NOTE : If material noun is placed in a structure "The+ Noun (material) + of + Noun" , then 'THE' article is used before the material noun.
For Example: The gold of India is of good quality.
5. Abstract Noun:
A word which is used to express emotion , condition , quality or cant be expressed in terms of numbers.
For Example: Love.
Points to remember :
- Abstract noun remain singular in form and takes singular H.V.
- No article is used before the abstract noun.
Note: If abstract noun is placed in the following structure , then we use article 'THE'. "THE +Noun (abstract)+ of + Noun".
For Example: The love of mother is uncountable .
6. Countable Nouns:
They are the names of objects , people etc that we can count,
For Example: pen , apple, boy, sister. Articles 'A/An/The' can be used.
7. Uncountable Nouns:
They are the names of things , which we cant count
For Example: milk , oil, sugar, gold, honesty . Only 'The ' article can be used.
Some Important Rules of Nouns:
Rule 1: Some Noun exist in plural forms only. Thus 's' can not be removed from such nouns to make them singular. They take plural helping verb with them.
For Example: Tongs, pincers, scissors, spectacles, goggles, gallows, fangs, alms, amends,trousers, pants, particulars, proceeds, regards, riches, savings, troops, thanks, braces, wages, belongings, etc.
- Where are my pants ?
- Alms are given to beggars.
- The proceeds were deposited in the bank.
Rule 2: News, politics, summons, physics, economics, mathematics, measles, athletics, linguistics, rickets, Innings are certain nouns tat are plural in form but singular in meaning. They take singular helping verb.
- No news is bad news.
- Mathematics is a difficult subject.
- Politics is a dirty game.
Rule 3: Cattle, infantry, poultry, peasantry, children, gentry, police and people are certain noun that are singular in form but plural in meaning. They take plural verb.
- Cattle are grazing in the field.
- Police have arrested the thieves.
Rule 4: Scenery, poetry, pottery, information, business, bread, knowledge, stationery, crockery, luggage, baggage, jewellery, news, percentage, dirt, dust, traffic, music, fuel and cost are uncountable nouns and hence will take singular verb. These nouns will not take article.
- I passed the exam but the percentage of marks was not good.
- Her hair is brown.
- The scenery of Kashmir has enchanted us.
Rule 5: Deer, sheep, series, species, fish, crew, team, jury, aircraft are certain nouns that are used in both singular and plural verb, and if they are used in plural sense they take plural helping verb.
- A sheep is grazing in the field.
- Two sheep are grazing in the field.
Rule 6: Hyphenated nouns does not have plural form.
- He gave me five hundred - rupees notes.
Rule 7: When the definite numeral adjectives is added before the following noun, they take singular form.
For Example: Pair, Score, Gross, Dozen, Hundred, Million, Billion etc.
- I have two hundred rupees only.
- He has already donated five thousand rupees
Rule 8: If a preposition comes after a noun and then the same noun is repeated, the noun should be in singular form.
- Row upon row of marble looks beautiful.
- Ship after ship is arriving.
Rule 9: Nouns like teacher, student, child clerk, advocate, worker, writer, author, leader, musician etc are common gender nouns. They are used for both male and female. They are also called dual genders. Thus ' His / He / Him' is used for such nouns.
- A teacher should practice what he preaches.
- Every leader should perform his duty.