Geography

Why is the Indian population need to be controlled?


SOLUTION
 The rate of population is studied in per cent per annum, e.g. a rate of increase of 2 per cent per annum means that in a given year, there was an increase of two persons for every 100 persons in the base population. This is referred to as the annual growth rate.

• India’s population has been steadily increasing from 361 million in 1951 to 1028 million in 2001.

• Since 1981, however, the rate of growth started declining gradually as birth rates declined rapidly. But India has a very large population so when a low annual rate is applied to a very large population, it yields a large absolute increase.

• At this growth rate, India may overtake China in 2045 to become the most populous country in the world.
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