Geography

# Which part of India gets orographic rainfall and why?

##### SOLUTION
Orographic rainfall occurs when warm, humid air strikes an orographic barrier (a mountain range). Because of the initial momentum, the air is forced to rise. As the moisture laden air gains height, condensation sets in, and soon saturation is reached. The surplus moisture falls down as precipitation along the windward slopes.
The chief characteristic of this sort of rain is that the windward slopes receive greater rainfall. After giving rain on the windward side, when these winds reach the other slope, they descend, and their temperature rises. Then their capacity to take in moisture increases and hence, these leeward slopes remain rainless and dry. The area situated on the leeward side, which gets less rainfall is known as the rain-shadow area.
Western slopes of Anaimalai, Palni and Nilgiri ranges Mahabaleshwar, situated on the Western Ghats, receives more than 600 cm of rainfall, whereas Pune, lying in the rain shadow area, has only about 70 cm.

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Subjective Medium Published on 15th 09, 2020
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