Economics

# What the defects of P.D.S.?

##### SOLUTION
Defect of P.D.S. are as follows:
(a) Ration cards are not issued to those who are homeless and poor, and those who do not have residential address. They are deprived of the Food security system. So 80% of the poor are unable to enjoy the benefits.
(b) There are regional inequalities in the P.D.S. In 1995 the four southern states Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu took nearly 40% of total P.D.S. off take of food grains in the country while the four northern states Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh took just 10% of total P.D.S. off take of food grain.
(c) Low per caption backward condition of agriculture and industries and very high population density are a few reasons for it.
(d) The urban bias of the P.D.S. is seen in the 85% off take by these urban areas Fair prices shops are there in the villages but they hardly have any food grains.
(e) Inefficiency of the Food Corporation of India (FCI) is seen by the increase in its economic cost. The excess amount of rice and wheat are concentrated in only one states.

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Subjective Medium Published on 16th 09, 2020
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