Geography

What is the general distribution of rainfall during the period from July to September in India?


SOLUTION

Advancing monsoon or south-west monsoon season, also called as rainy season, gives maximum rainfall to India which lasts from June to September. Distribution of rainfall across India:

  • Regions of high rainfall: These areas receive rainfall above 200 cm. Highest rainfall occurs in west coast and sub Himalayan ranges, Meghalaya Hills, Assam, West Bengal, West Coast and Southern slopes of eastern Himalayas.
  • Regions of moderate rainfall include areas with 100-200 cm of rainfall. Gujarat, East Tamil Nadu, North-eastern Peninsular, Western Ghats, eastern Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, the middle Ganga valley are included in this range.
  • Regions of less rainfall: These areas receive rainfall between 50-100cm. Upper Ganga valley, eastern Rajasthan, Punjab, Southern Plateau of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu fall under areas with less rainfall.
  • Regions with scanty rainfall: These areas receive rainfall below 50 cm. Northern part of Kashmir, Western Rajasthan, Punjab and Deccan Plateau falls under this category.

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