Geography

The origin of Himalayas can best be explained by _____.


ANSWER

Theory of Plate Tectonics


SOLUTION
  • According to the Theory of Plate Tectonics, the Earth's crust was initially a single, giant super-continent called Pangea.
  • Its northern part was the Angara land and the southern part was the Gondwana land. 
  • The convectional currents split the crust into a number of pieces, thus leading to the drifting of the Indo-Australian plate after being separated from the Gondwana land, towards north. 
  • The northward drift resulted in the collision of the plate with the much larger Eurasian Plate.
  • Due to this collision, the sedimentary rocks which were accumulated in the geosyncline known as the Tethys were folded to form the mountain system of western Asia and  Himalaya.
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