Physics

Science, like any knowledge, can be put to good or bad use, depending on the user. Given below are some of the applications of science. Formulate your views on whether the particular application is good, bad or something that cannot be so clearly categorised :
(a) Mass vaccination against small pox to curb and finally eradicate this disease from the population. (This has already been successfully done in India).
(b) Television for eradication of illiteracy and for mass communication of news and ideas.
(c) Prenatal sex determination 
(d) Computers for increase in work efficiency
(e) Putting artificial satellites into orbits around the Earth
(f ) Development of nuclear weapons
(g) Development of new and powerful techniques of chemical and biological warfare).
(h) Purification of water for drinking
(i) Plastic surgery
(j ) Cloning


SOLUTION
(a) Mass vaccination against small pox to curb and finally eradicate this disease from the population. (This has already been successfully done in India).- Good
Virus kills many people while some people are left with disabilities.
(b) Television for eradication of illiteracy and for mass communication of news and ideas.
 - Good
Good for removal of illiteracy and mass communication
(c) Prenatal sex determination
 - Bad
Can lead to gender ratio skewness and inequalities in society
(d) Computers for increase in work efficiency
 - Good
Improving the efficiency of work and globalization
(e) Putting artificial satellites into orbits around the Earth- Good
No. of uses like transmission etc. not possible by conventional methods
(f ) Development of nuclear weapons
 - Bad
Can result in mass destruction of people, buildings and factories.
(g) Development of new and powerful techniques of chemical and biological warfare.
 - Bad
All are methods of destroying lives and can be misused.
(h) Purification of water for drinking
 - Good
Need of the hour. Can stop many dangerous diseases and ensuring health.
(i) Plastic surgery - 
Good
For improving the disfigured parts of body.
(j ) Cloning-
Good
With reference to medical application for curing ailments
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