Civics

Match the following:

National Emergency Article 356
State Emergency Article 352
Financial Emergency Article 360

ANSWER

1,3,8


SOLUTION

Emergency is a situtaion or a  period of government in which its constitutional set up is altered.

  • National emergency: its provisions are provided under the article 352 of Indian constitution. National emergency can be declared on the basis of external aggression or armed rebellion in the whole of India or a part of its territory. Such an emergency was declared in India in 1962 (China war), 1971 (Pakistan war), and 1975 (declared by Indira Gandhi).
  • State emergency: it is provided in the article 356. Government or a division of government can declare this kind of emergency.
  • Financial Emergency Under Article 360. If there is any threat to the economic status of the country, this kind of emergency can be imposed. It has never been declared in India.

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