Business Studies

Long Answer Questions: 
Explain the meaning and process of organizing. 


SOLUTION
Organizing is a “process of defining the essential relationships among people, tasks and activities in such a way that all the organisation’s resources are integrated and coordinated to accomplish its objectives efficiently and effectively”. — Pearce and Robinson
Organizing is a step-by-step process. At each step, an important task is performed by the administrators working at the top-level of management.
While organizing, the top managers carry out following important tasks:-
  1. In this general eight-stepped process, the top management first fixes the common objectives of the organisation.
  2. In the second step, they (top management) identify all the activities (i.e. works or jobs) which are required to achieve these predefined objectives.
  3. In the third step, they group similar (related) activities and make their individual departments.
  4. In the fourth step, they define the responsibilities (duties) of all the staff members (employees and managers).
  5. In the fifth step, they delegate authority to staff members.
  6. In the sixth step, the authority relationships between superiors and subordinates are established.
  7. In the seventh step, they provide the staff members with all the essential requirements like money, machines, materials, etc., which are used for achieving the objectives.
  8. In the eighth final step, they co-ordinate the efforts of all staff members and direct it towards achieving the common objectives of the organisation.
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Subjective Medium Published on 18th 09, 2020
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Realted Questions

Q1 Assertion & Reason Medium
ASSERTION

The top management in an organisation should be mainly concerned with very important and complex problems and not with routine day to day problems.

REASON

This is stated by the scalar principle of organisation.

  • A. Both Assertion and Reason are true and Reason is the correct explanation of Assertion
  • B. Both Assertion and Reason are true and Reason is not the correct explanation of Assertion
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Q2 Single Correct Medium
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Q3 Single Correct Medium
A structure that is flat, uses cross-hierarchical and cross-functional teams, has low formalisation, possesses a comprehensive information network, and relies on participative decision making is known as ___________.
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Q4 Single Correct Medium
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Asked in: Business Studies - Organising


1 Verified Answer | Published on 18th 09, 2020

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Q5 Subjective Medium
'Shan Spices Ltd.' is the manufacturer of different food specific spices like Rajmaa Masala, Cholley Masala, AalooParantha Masala etc. Mr Raghav, the owner of the company has created different departments for purchase, production, marketing, finance and human resource. There are thirty employees working in the organisation. Planning is of paramount importance to the company as Mr Raghav believes that effective planning leads to achievement of organisational objectives. So in order to make employees focus on objectives, he issued instructions that during working hours only official matters will be discussed. He made certain rules and code of conduct for the employees to follow, according to which employees are not allowed to visit and talk to the employees of other departments except for official work. He emphasized on work performance which resulted in smooth functioning of the organisation.
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(2) State one feature of the concept identified in part (1) as mentioned in the above para.
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Asked in: Business Studies - Organising


1 Verified Answer | Published on 18th 09, 2020

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