Geography

Give the characteristics and effects of the monsoon rainfall in India.


SOLUTION

Characteristics of monsoon: Indian climate is a monsoon type of climate. Monsoon climate is characterised by weather conditions that change from season to season. This type is mostly experienced in interior parts of the country rather than coastal areas. Duration varies from 100 to 120 days. The spectacular arrival of monsoon winds at the end of the summer season is called 'burst of monsoon'.

Effects: Without monsoons India would have been a desert. In India monsoon usually lasts from July to September. Ninety percent of rainfall in India is due to monsoon. It provides water for agriculture and domestic purposes. 

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