Civics

Article 75 includes among its provisions:
1. Prime Minister is to be appointed by the President.
2. The Council of Ministers shall be collectively responsible the Lok Sabha.
3. The President may appoint a non-member as Prime Minister who must become a member of Parliament before the expiration of six months.
4. The Ministers shall hold office during the pleasure of the Prime Minister.


ANSWER

1 and 2


SOLUTION
Article 75(2) specifically provides that the ministers shall hold office during the pleasure of the President. All the ministers are appointed by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister. Each minister has an individual responsibility. The Prime Minister me call for the resignation of any ministers at any time. In case the Minister refuses, the Prime Minister may advise the President to dismiss the Minister. Losing the confidence of the Prime Minister leads to dismissal by the President. Collective responsibility is an essential feature of Parliamentary democracy. In India collective responsibility of the cabinet is specifically enshrined in the Constitution. Article 75(3) lays down that the Council of Ministers shall be collectively responsible to Lok Sabha. When the ministry visits the confidence of the Lok Sabha all ministers including those who are from Rajya Sabha have to resign. This means that ministers fall and stand together. The government in the parliamentary model is a united one. It has a joint responsibility. Each member of the government has to support the other so long as he remains in the government.
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