Business Studies

Answer the following question in $$2$$ or $$3$$ sentences.
Write the first two steps involved in the organising process.


SOLUTION
Step 1. Consideration of Plans and Goals:
Organisational plans and their goals affect organising and its outcome, the organisation. The purposes and activities that organisations have at present or are likely to have in future are dictated by plans. Certain basic purposes and some general activities are likely to remain fairly constant in the long run. For example, from its very inception a business firm will continue to seek profit and in this endeavour it will continue to employ human and non-human (material) resources.
But with the passage of time new plans will be formulated. This will surely lead to a change in the ways in which basic activities are carried out. Certain departments or divisions may be closed (as has been done by the G.K.W. in 1986) some old ones may be entrusted with additional responsibility and some new departments may be created or set up.
Moreover there may emerge new relationships among groups of decision makers. Organising is supposed to create the new structure and relation­ships and modify the old ones.

Step 2. Determining the Work Activities Necessary to Accomplish Objectives:
It is necessary to determine those work activities which are necessary to accomplish organisation objectives. Prima facie, it is absolutely essential to prepare a list of tasks to be done. Therefore, there is the need to classify the tasks into two categories: on-going tasks and once-for-all tasks. Examples of the former are hiring, training, and record-keeping. Such tasks may also include assembling, machining, shipping, storing, inspecting, selling, advertising etc.
An example of the latter is setting up a new plant or department or installing a new plant in an existing plant. In an ongoing business such specific programmes — which are essentially single-use plans-may require temporary re-or­ganisation within a business or department to handle them. For example, the Finance Department may temporarily look after the newly set up corporate planning department.
Likewise, a pilot project conducted for an ongoing business may identify which activities should be performed in a work unit or incorporated into the business. Once managers come to know what tasks must be done, they are ready to classify and group those activities into manageable work units.
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Subjective Medium Published on 18th 09, 2020
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