: History and Culture
Here we presenting with National and International History Multiple choice Questions with answers. Global Culture MCQ Quiz for various competitive exams or interviews.
1. It is an ancient martial art and a living tradition in some parts of south India.
Answer: A. Kalaripayatta
Kalaripayattu is a martial art which originated in kerala and still continues to be practiced there. It is a great form of war.
2. Name the earliest known work on Tamil Grammar which is still in use today.
Answer: B. Tolkappiyam
Tolkappiyam is the earliest known work in Tamil Language is divided into three parts each into 9 chapters.
3. How many times did Mahatma Gandhi nominated for Nobel Peace prize?
Answer: C. 5 times
Mahatma Gandhi was nominated 5 times for the Nobel Peace Prize. Mohandas Gandhi (1869-1948) has become the strongest symbol of non-violence in the 20th century. It is widely held – in retrospect – that the Indian national leader should have been the very man to be selected for the Nobel Peace Prize. He was nominated several times, but was never awarded the prize.
4. When in the History Time Magazine named Mahatma Gandhi as Person of the year?
Answer: D. 1930
Mahatma Gandhi was named person of the year in 1930. His legacy as an Indian nationalist, religious leader and moral revolutionary resonates in social and political reform movements to this day. In 1930, TIME wrote, "It was exactly twelve months ago that Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi's Indian National Congress promulgated the Declaration of Indian Independence. It was in March that he marched to the sea to defy Britain's salt tax as some New Englanders once defied a British tea tax.
5. In 1999, who was conferred as person of the century by Time Magazine?
Answer: B. Albert Einstein
In 1999, Gandhi was declared the runner-up for Time magazine's 'Person of the Century' title (which eventually went to Albert Einstein). Einstein was certainly the best mind of the century. His 1905 trifecta -- a total unknown publishing three papers (on Brownian motion, the photoelectric effect and the special theory of relativity), each of which revolutionized its field -- is probably the single most concentrated display of genius since the invention of the axle. (The wheel was easy, the axle hard.) Einstein also had a deeply humane and philosophical soul
6. Name the day which commemorated the return of Gandhi to India from South Africa?
Answer: B. Pravasi Bharatiya Diwas
Pravasi Bharatiya Divas (Non-Resident Indian’s Day), is celebrated in India on 9th January each year to mark the contribution of the overseas Indian community to the development of India. The day commemorates the return of Mahatma Gandhi from South Africa in Bombay on 9 January 1915. Established in 2003, it is sponsored by the Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs of the government of India and the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI) the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) and the Ministry of Development of the North Eastern Region of India. A celebratory event is held on 7–9 January each year in an Indian city: a forum for issues concerning the Indian Diaspora is organised and the Pravasi Bharatiya Samman Awards are given
7. What was the name of the weekly journal published by Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi from 1919 to 1932 in English?
Answer: A. Young India
Gandhi wrote various quotations in this journal that inspired many. He used Young India to spread his unique ideology and thoughts regarding the use of nonviolence in organising movements and to urge readers to consider, organise, and plan for India's eventual independence from Britain. In 1933 Gandhi began publishing a weekly newspaper, Harijan, in English. Harijan - which means "People of God", and was also Gandhi's term for the untouchable caste - lasted until 1948. The Indian Opinion was a newspaper established by Mahatma Gandhi. Kesari is a Marathi newspaper which was founded in 1881 by Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak.
8. Who was considered as the political guru of Mahatma Gandhi?
Answer: C. Gopala Krishna Gokhale
Gokhale’s life was short and he died without bearing witness to India’s independence. Gokhale and Mahatma Gandhi shared a guru-shishya relationship. In an anthology of his writings on Gokhale entitled Gokhale – My Political Guru, published by Navajivan Publishing House, Gandhi makes reference to this multi-faceted relationship beginning with the first time he met Gokhale in Poona in 1896. In poetic language, Gandhi describes Gokhale, contrasting him to others in the Congress party, thus: “but Gokhale was as the Ganges. One could have a refreshing bath in the holy river. The Himalaya was unscalable, and one could not easily launch forth on the sea, but the Ganges invited one to its bosom. It was a joy to be on it with a boat and an oar.”
9. Who accorded the title, “Mahatma,” on Gandhi and in which year?
Answer: E. Rabindranath Tagore, 1915
The title of 'Mahatma' (Sanskrit term of reverence, “mahatma,” meaning, “great soul”) was accorded on Gandhiji in 1915 by his admirer Rabindranath Tagore (the first Asian to win the Nobel Prize for Literature). It was given in response to Gandhi ji conferring the title of "Gurudev" (great teacher) upon Tagore.
10. Name the only Congress session which was presided by Mahatma Gandhi?
Answer: D. Belgaum Session, 1924
Mahatma Gandhi commanded extraordinary influence over the Congress all his life. But the one and only time he became President of the Party was in 1924.Belgaum was an important centre of the Freedom movement. Lokmanya Tilak launched his Home Rule League from Belgaum in 1916. The town had the honour of hosting the All India 39th Congress session in 1924, that was the only session which was presided over by Mahatma Gandhi, and the only session held in Karnataka. ‘Veersoudha’ is a monument built in memory of this session. The well in the campus was popularly known as Congress Well which was built to meet the drinking water requirement of the session. The well was named as Pampa Sarovara and the Venue of the session was named as Vijaynagar, after the Hampi empire.