One Word GK News: 03rd December 2016

Who has been appointed as President of Gambia?

Answer: Adama Barrow
आदम बरौ

Explanation: Adama Barrow has been appointed as President of Gambia. He defeated Yahya Jammeh. Mer. Barrow ended Yahya Jammeh's 22 year old rule. Gambians took to the streets to celebrate the biggest upset in the west African nation since Jammeh seized power in a 1994 coup.
British Physicist, Stephen Hawking has been hospitalised in which city for health issues?

Answer: Rome

Explanation: Stephen Hawking has been hospitalised in Rome for health issues. Hawking, 74, who was in Rome to attend a conference at the Pontifical Academy of Sciences and met Pope Francis on Monday, was taken to Rome's Gemelli hospital. Hawking, author of "A Brief History of Time," speaks through a computer and travels with a staff that includes 2 nurses.
On December 2 action was taken against how many officials of PSU banks for alleged illegalities in the dispensing of cash and exchange of old notes?

Answer: 27

Explanation: Action has been taken against 27 officials of PSU banks in the aftermath of demonetisation of high-value banknotes. These officials were found violating norms laid down by the Reserve Bank of India. The suspensions come amid reports of income tax raids conducting search and seizure places at many places including Rs 5.7 crore cash in new currency notes recovered in Bengaluru.
Who has been appointed as the Interim chief executive officer (CEO) of National Stock Exchange of India (NSE)?

Answer: J Ravichandran
जे. रविचंद्रन

Explanation: J Ravichandran was appointed as the Interim CEO of the National Stock Exchange of India. His appointment came after Chitra Ramkrishna, managing director (MD) and chief executive of NSE stepped down from her post. The move comes in the wake of the fact that country’s largest bourse is set to go public.
Which country on December 2 supported India's bid for permanent membership of the UN Security Council?

Answer: UK

Explanation: UK has shown support for India's bid for permanent membership of the UN Security Council. This view was expressed by British Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson. He called for its expansion to include India for a more "realistic" re-alignment of the world order. Johnson also said as Britain leaves the European Union (EU), it would look to engage deeply with Asia.
China has expressed its anger against US President Donald Trump for speaking with the President of which country?

Answer: Taiwan

Explanation: President-elect Donald Trump spoke with the President of Taiwan which triggered protests from China. It is highly unusual, perhaps unprecedented, for a US president or president-elect to speak directly with a leader of Taiwan. Taiwan is a self-governing island with which the US broke diplomatic ties with in 1979. 
The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) will install real time and manual pollution monitoring stations in which of the following state/s:

Answer: None of the above
इन में से कोई नहीं

Explanation: CPCB will install real time and manual pollution monitoring stations in in Delhi, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan. On December 2 the Supreme Court asked the central government to notify the "graded response action plan" for different level of air pollution in the Delhi and NCR. The court order came after it approved the report submitted by the CPCB giving four category of air pollution – moderate to poor, very poor, severe and severe plus or emergency.
Daily ______ crore people undergo biometric authentication for the Aadhar card all over India.

Answer: 10

Explanation: 10 crore people daily are authenticated for the Aadhar card. On December 2 the Unique Identification Authority of India(UIDAI) announced that it plans to increase biometric authentication capacity through Aadhaar to 40 crore a day from 10 crore to encourage more use of the platform for realising a cashless society. The government is concurrently working on developing a common mobile phone app that can be used by shopkeepers and merchants for receiving Aadhaar-enabled payments bypassing credit and debit cards, pin and password.
Name the Formula 1 driver who announced his retirement on December 2.

Answer: Nico Rosberg
निको रोसेरबेर्ग

Explanation: Nico Rosberg announced his retirement after he received his Formula One world championship trophy. The 31-year-old paid tribute to longtime friend and Mercedes teammate Lewis Hamilton, the outgoing world champion. Rosberg admitted that had he come up short in the championship this year, he would have carried on in 2017.
Which country has launched a multi-year trial for AIDS vaccine?

Answer: South Africa
दक्षिण अफ्रीका

Explanation: South Africa has just launched a multi-year trial of a vaccine that might save millions of lives and help put an end to AIDS. It’s the first AIDS vaccine trial in seven years, and hopes are high, not just in South Africa, but around the world. To develop a vaccine, scientists find a way to mimic the virus so the body makes an immune response to protect itself.
TeamIndus which is news recently is a _______ company.

Answer: Aerospace

Explanation: TeamIndus is a private aerospace company based in Bengaluru. It has been announced that the company will send a spacecraft to the moon aboard an Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) rocket on December 28, 2017. The mission’s aim is to land this spacecraft on the moon, have it travel at least 500 metres and beam high- definition video, images and data back to the earth. It will be India’s first private moon mission to be launched.
The government has created bonds worth Rs. _____ lakh crore for demonetised funds.

Answer: 6

Explanation: Government has created provisions to issue special bonds to absorb the temporary surplus with banks created by nationwide deposits of demonetised currency. The bonds created worth up to Rs 6 lakh crore to soak currency worth Rs 8 lakh crore of demonetised funds. The RBI will sell the bonds, called Market Stabilisation Scheme (MSS), to banks on behalf of the government.
The government intends to rollout GST by ______ 2017.

Answer: September

Explanation: Finance minister Arun Jaitley said that there is a Constitutional compulsion to roll out the Goods and Services Tax. He asserted that the government's intention is to kick off the ambitious reform by April 1. He added that GST has to be in place before September 16, 2017, otherwise the country doesn't run.
The High Court has has rejected the interlocutory application filed by which businessman?

Answer: Vijay Mallya
विजय मालया

Explanation: The high court has rejected the interlocutory application filed by Vijay Mallya, seeking for recall of the October 20, 2016. The order was order for framing charges against him in relation to the contempt petition filed by consortium of banks which lent money to his now-defunct Kingfisher Airlines. The court has asked Mallya's counsel to communicate to him, while asking for his presence.
Which telecom company could be fined Rs.500 for putting PM Modi's photograph in front-page newspaper ads?

Answer: Reliance

Explanation: Reliance Jio’s controversial decision to use PM Modi’s photograph in front-page newspaper ads could receive a paltry fine of Rs. 500. The Emblems and Names (Prevention of Improper Use) Act 1950 prohibits the improper usage of emblems and names for professional and commercial purposes.
Any person who contravenes the provisions shall be punishable with fine which may extend to 500 Rs.
Which state received Rs. 2420 crore in cash on December 3 to give money to pay salaries to its employees and pensioners?

Answer: Andhra Pradesh

Explanation: Andhra Pradesh received Rs. 2420 crore to  to pay salaries to its employees and pensioners. AP CM Chandrababu Naidu made an SOS call to RBI governor Urjit Patel to ask for urgent cash. RBI chief sent 2,420 crore by special chartered flights to Visakhapatnam and Tirupati. 240 crore each was sent to severely hit districts and 160 crore each to other districts.
Which country has appealed against sanctions by the US over its nuclear programme?

Answer: Iran

Explanation: U.S. Senate gave Congress’ final approval to an extension of the American sanctions against Iran. Iran is threatening to retaliate after the U.S. Senate gave Congress’ final approval. Iranian Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei has said that he considered the sanctions bill a breach of the nuclear deal and threatened retaliation.
Who has been nominated by President Donald Trump as the  United States Secretary of Defense?

Answer: James Mattis

Explanation: Breaking once more from presidential custom, Donald Trump is turning to a military man to to lead the Pentagon . U.S. military retired General James Mattis will be the first career officer to do so since just after World War II. Mattis, 66, is a Marine Corps general who retired in 2013 after serving as commander of the U.S. Central Command.
The 2016 Rabi production was down to _____%  from normal till December 2.

Answer: 8.25

Explanation: This year’s rabi production, wheat sowing was down 8.25% from normal until Friday. The area sown of all rabi crops was only two-thirds of the normal rabi area. There are only two weeks to go before the sowing season ends. Analysts have said the latest data released by the ministry of agriculture confirmed that demonetisation had impacted sowing adversely.
Name the athlete who won the 2016 IAAF male Athlete of the Year award in Male category.

Answer: Usain Bolt

Explanation: Usain Bolt won the 2016 IAAF male Athlete of the Year award. It is his sixth award. Ethiopian Almaz Ayana picking up the female award after her record-setting 10,000m gold in Rio. Bolt, previously winner in 2008, 2009, 2011, 2012 and 2013, was rewarded for another blistering season that saw him claim three gold medals.